|Revised Import Procedures for Fresh Equine Semen Imports from the United States||| Imprimer ||
There are no translations available.
April 29, 2009 — Equine Canada wishes to notify the Canadian industry that the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has announced that effective April 29, 2009, an alternative procedure for the importation of fresh equine semen from the United States into Canada is in place following an official United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) mandate to all of its regional offices.
This now provides Canadian importers of fresh (chilled) semen from the U.S. with two possible procedures for processing the required export/import documentation—the “Standard Procedure”, which has been in effect since January 30, 2009, and the new “Alternative Procedure” which is now announced by CFIA. Both procedures are outlined below.
With both procedures, exporters in the U.S. are still required to send (or present) the original U.S. Origin Health Certificate to the USDA for endorsement. Once endorsed, the Alternative Procedure allows for the USDA to fax U.S. Origin Health Certificates to the CFIA where they will be matched against copies of non-endorsed U.S. Origin Health Certificates accompanying fresh semen shipments to the Canadian port-of-entry.
This option only applies to fresh equine semen, which begins to lose its viability 24 hours after it is collected. The importation of frozen equine semen and embryos from the United States must continue to follow the procedure put in place on January 30, 2009 (see details below).
Importers using this Alternative Procedure for the importation of fresh semen into Canada will be charged $35 for each shipment for document verification by the CFIA. The importer will need a CFIA client account or credit card on file at the CFIA.
This Alternative Procedure will enable suppliers that are remote from USDA endorsing area offices to ship fresh semen upon collection to the Canadian border while simultaneously sending the original health certificate issued by an accredited veterinarian to the USDA for endorsement. However, courier companies or any other transporters shipping fresh semen to the border without an USDA-endorsed health certificate must be informed that the Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) will refer them to the CFIA for inspection and document verification.
Fresh Equine Semen: Alternative Procedure for Importation from U.S. - Effective April 29, 2009
Importers are advised that once the USDA endorses each U.S. Origin Health Certificate, it is returned to the exporter. Importers must obtain the endorsed originals from exporters and keep them on file at the importers’ premises for ten (10) years. CFIA inspectors may ask to examine these documents at any time.
Canadian importers are reminded that the existing procedure (the “Standard Procedure” outlined below) that has been in effect since January 30, 2009, is still an option for importing fresh (chilled) equine semen from the U.S.
Frozen or Fresh Equine Semen and Equine Embryos: Standard Procedure for Importation from U.S. - Effective January 30, 2009
Import Permit Instructions
Canadians seeking timely information regarding import requirements are advised to use the CFIA’s Automated Import Reference System (AIRS) at http://airs-sari.inspection.gc.ca/Airs_External/Default.aspx.a. The Import Permit Application Form is to be completed by the importer.
Since the news broke in late 2008 that a number of stallions in the U.S. had tested positive for contagious equine metritis (CEM), Canadian authorities have been on high alert. The U.S. investigation revealed that shipments of frozen semen from stallions either positive for CEM or associated with quarantined premises had been sent to Canada. If a country loses its CEM-free status, there are international trade implications.
To limit Canada’s exposure, revised import restrictions for all live horses, semen and embryos entering Canada from the U.S. were put in place in early 2009 as a result of the expanding investigation into CEM in the U.S. in which 18 stallions and five mares have been confirmed as positive for T. equigenitalis in the U.S. None of the positive horses have yet to be identified as the source of the outbreak. Under investigation are an additional 135 exposed or positive stallions in 21 States and 638 exposed or positive mares in 45 States who are currently undergoing testing.
CEM is a highly contagious venereal disease, caused by the bacteria Taylorella equigenitalis, and is a reportable disease in Canada. It is spread by infected semen during artificial insemination or introduced to the genital tract on fomites, and the transmission rate is extremely high. Stallions are the most common source of infection with T. equigenitalis, persisting for months or years on the reproductive tract of untreated stallions. Mares can carry the organism without symptoms, after recovering from acute disease. Most infected mares do not conceive but those that do may give birth to a normal full-term foal that can carry the organism asymptomatically. Nearly every mare mated to an infected stallion will become infected. Most mares recover after treatment by washing the external genitalia with disinfectants combined with a local antibiotic treatment but some become asymptomatic carriers.
CFIA area offices
Atlantic—Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick
Dr. Al McLean / (Mrs. Florence Saulnier—assistant)Quebec
Dr. Alain Lajoie / (Mr. Andre Anctil)Ontario
Dr Susan Wray / (Ms. Chris Paolini)West—Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia
Dr. Gary Kruger / (Mr. Craig Sellars)
About Equine Canada
Equine Canada is a member-based association that represents, promotes and services Canada's equine community and industry. Its core areas of activity involve sport, equine health and welfare, education and safety, governance and marketing, representation and communication. Equine Canada is recognized by Sport Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the International Equestrian Federation (FEI), the Canadian Olympic Committee and Canadian Coaching Association of Canada as the national organization representing equestrian sport and equine interests in Canada. For more information about Equine Canada, please visit equinecanada.ca.